A growing body of evidence suggests that weight loss surgery is more effective than diet and exercise at getting rid of type 2 diabetes.
A trial published last week in JAMA Surgery provides the latest evidence showing the superiority of bariatric surgery over lifestyle changes in resolving the chronic condition involving high blood sugar.
In the trial, obese adults were randomly assigned to weight loss surgery or intensive lifestyle intervention and then followed for 3 years. At the end of the trial 40% of those who had received a gastric bypass procedure and 29% who received a gastric band were considered in remission from diabetes and no longer needed to take medication after 3 years. In comparison, no one in the group who received intensive lifestyle intervention resolved their diabetes.
“I do think it adds strongly to the growing body of data that surgery should be considered to treat people with obesity and diabetes,” said Anita Courcoulas who led the study.
Several other studies are also being conducted at the moment so that it can be firmly concluded that surgery is the better option. The American Diabetes Association lists surgery as one option in its 2015 medical care guidelines for diabetic patients with a body-mass index over 35.